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Why Layer 2 Solutions are Essential for the TON

Why Layer 2 Solutions are Essential for the TON Blockchain and How They Work

Layer 2 networks in the TON (The Open Network) blockchain represent an additional layer of infrastructure designed to enhance scalability, reduce latency, and lower transaction costs by processing transactions and computations off the main (Layer 1) blockchain.

Questions about Transaction Speed in the TON Blockchain

As the number of users on the TON blockchain grows, questions about transaction duration become more frequent. Recently, a broadcast on the TON PIZ channel featured Anatoly Makosov, the tech lead of TON Core, discussing this issue and potential solutions.

  • In some cases, transactions can take up to two minutes to complete. The TON Core team is aware of the problem and is preparing an update for validators on June 10, which is expected to optimize the block generation process.
  • There is also an issue with some validators using inadequate hardware. Plans are in place to impose penalties on those who skimp on necessary equipment, aiming to improve overall network efficiency.
  • To enhance user experience, developers of TON DEXs and wallets are creating visual tools such as progress bars and additional notifications to help users better understand the status of their transactions.
  • Despite the October record for transactions per second, the primary focus for the TON blockchain is scalability rather than the speed of individual transactions. The priority is maintaining network stability even with a large number of users.

Advantages of Layer 2 Solutions

Layer 2 solutions can significantly improve blockchain performance. Their main advantages include:

  1. Reducing Load on the Main Blockchain: By offloading a significant portion of transactional activity to Layer 2, the main blockchain can be relieved, resulting in increased throughput and reduced fees.
  2. Increasing Throughput: Layer 2 technologies can handle many transactions off-chain and batch them into a single transaction for recording on the main blockchain, significantly increasing transactions per second (TPS).
  3. Faster and Cheaper Transactions: Transactions on Layer 2 are faster and cheaper since they do not require confirmation by every node in the main network.
  4. Diverse Technologies: Layer 2 solutions can be implemented through various technologies, such as payment channels, sidechains, and rollups.
  5. Support for Smart Contracts: Some Layer 2 solutions support the execution of smart contracts, providing developers with more opportunities to create complex applications.

The Future of Layer 2 in TON

In the TON blockchain, payment networks are being actively developed as Layer 2 solutions. These are aimed at speeding up blockchain operations and reducing fees for micropayments. We eagerly await announcements and updates in this area, which can significantly improve user experience and network efficiency.

Additional Resources

For more detailed information, you can refer to the official TON documentation and technical details in the TON Whitepapers.

Wikipedia - https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Data_link_layer

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